Scientific Understanding of Consciousness
Consciousness as an Emergent Property of Thalamocortical Activity

Consciousness Subject Outline

‘What is Consciousness?’

Synopsis of My Understanding of Consciousness

Introduction to an Understanding of Consciousness

Covington Theory of Consciousness

 

Consciousness

Consciousness an Emergent Property of Biological Network

Core Consciousness

Human-type Consciousness

Sense of Self

Working Memory

Dynamic Core

Attention

 

Three Topological Networks

Thalamocortical System

Parallel Pathways

Neuromodulatory Systems

Thalamocortical System

Cortex

Thalamus

Oscillation, Synchronization

Reentry, Recursion

Parallel Pathways Link Cortex To Subcortical Appendages

Cerebellum

Basal Ganglia

Hippocampus

Neuromodulatory Systems

Acetylcholine Neuromodulatory System

Noradrenergic Neuromodulatory System

Serotonergic Neuromodulatory System

Dopaminergic Neuromodulatory System

 

Emotion

Limbic System

Amygdala involved in Fear

Music and Emotion — Movement and Dancing

Cognition

Reentry, Recursion

Bayesian Inference

Motivation

Nucleus Accumbens

Pain and Pleasure Systems

Sensory Input

Vision

Auditory

Somatosensory

Gustatory

Olfactory

Perception

Gestalts and Consciousness

Gestalt Laws

Perception, Memory, Consciousness

Perceptual Categorization

Sensory Pathways

Movement

FAPs – Fixed Action Patterns

Basal Ganglia

Cerebellum

Motor Cortex

Premotor Cortex

Perception-Action Cycle

Neuronal Network

Neurons and Synapses

Hebbian Assembly -- Long-Term Potentiation (LTP)

Stochastic Nature of Neuronal Behavior

Populations of Neural Activity

Dendritic Spines and Memories

Plasticity of Neural Connections

Reentry and Recursion

Memory

Plasticity of Synapses

Hippocampus

Declarative Memory

Procedural Memory

Memory Consolidation

Declarative Memory as Reconstruction

Declarative Memory Classifications

Language

Broca Area

Wernicke Area

speech perception occurs bilaterally

higher-order language is lateralized

Intelligence

Multiple kinds of Intelligence

 

Sleep and Dreaming

Allan Hobson’s AIM Sleep Model

Memory Consolidation

Complexity, Self-Organization, Emergence

Unconscious Systems

Example: Basal Ganglia and FAPs

Example: Visual subconscious reaction via superior colliculus

Brain Stem — Many ancient nuclei essential for life support

 

Embryonic and Postnatal Development

Both Genetics AND Environment

Synaptic Plasticity Modified by Experience

Prenatal neural development

Infancy, Childhood, Adolescence

Evolution of Brain

Reptile, Mammal, Non-Human Primate, Human

Brain Anatomy

Modularity of Brain

Cortex

Limbic System

Brainstem

 

Abnormal function of Brain

 

Modeling Brain Functionality

Brain is extremely complex; computer simulation provides insight and understanding

______________________________________________________________________________

 

Index of Topics

Sidebar Discussions

Further discussion of selected topics

Major Concepts of Consciousness

Esoteric Terms and Concepts

 

Book References Paraphrases

From more than 120 reference books, I show nearly 20,000 paraphrase extracts

Book References List

Includes links to Amazon.com descriptions and reader commentary for each of the book references

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Link to — Scientific Understanding of Consciousness   homepage