Scientific Understanding of Consciousness
Consciousness as an Emergent Property of Thalamocortical Activity

Orbitofrontal Cortex


Specialized bidirectional connections linking orbitofrontal cortex (OFC) with the amygdala may underlie emotional processing. (Zald & Rauch; Orbitofrontal Cortex, 62)

Changes in social behavior can be produced by damage restricted to the orbitofrontal cortex. (Vogt; Cingulate Neurobiology, 200)

Orbitofrontal patients were particularly likely to be impaired on emotion recognition;    they were less likely to notice when others were sad, happy, or disgusted. (Vogt; Cingulate Neurobiology, 200)

Orbitofrontal patients were less likely to cooperate with others,    were inpatient and impulsive,    and had difficulty making and keeping close relationships. (Vogt; Cingulate Neurobiology, 200)


Research study — Orbitofrontal–Amygdala Circuit and Social–Emotional Behavior

Research study — Orbitofrontal Cortex Functions

Research study — Orbitofrontal Cortex In Pursuit of Specific Rewards

Research study — Orbitofrontal Learning Using Inferred Values



    Return to — Emotion